Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Burleston Down 840m south east of Crawthorne Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Puddletown, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.7631 / 50°45'47"N

Longitude: -2.3155 / 2°18'55"W

OS Eastings: 377842.490516

OS Northings: 95993.008983

OS Grid: SY778959

Mapcode National: GBR 0Z3.3DH

Mapcode Global: FRA 6712.7QH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Burleston Down 840m south east of Crawthorne Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 July 1961

Last Amended: 17 May 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017278

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33534

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Puddletown

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Puddletown with Athelhampton and Burleston St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow lying on the crest of a steep north facing
slope on Burleston Down, 840m south east of Crawthorne Farm.
The barrow has been reduced in height by ploughing and is visible on the
surface as a slight rise on the ground surface. In 1952 the Ordnance Survey
recorded the barrow as having a mound 20m in diameter and 0.5m high. The
quarry ditch surrounding the mound from which material was derived for its
construction has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried
feature about 3m wide.
The barrow lies within an extensive area of later prehistoric field system
which has been reduced in height by ploughing and is no longer visible on the
surface. The field system is not included in the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite being reduced in height by ploughing, the bowl barrow on Burleston
Down 840m south east of Crawthorne Farm will include archaeological deposits
containing evidence about Late Neolithic to Bronze Age burial practices,
society and the contemporary environment.

Source: Historic England

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