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Prehistoric cairnfield and associated field system on Corney Fell, 620m south east of Lambground

A Scheduled Monument in Waberthwaite, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.31 / 54°18'36"N

Longitude: -3.3445 / 3°20'40"W

OS Eastings: 312621.395762

OS Northings: 491327.230597

OS Grid: SD126913

Mapcode National: GBR 5L2L.QQ

Mapcode Global: WH71G.LXLQ

Entry Name: Prehistoric cairnfield and associated field system on Corney Fell, 620m south east of Lambground

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017180

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32840

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Waberthwaite

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Corney St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument includes a small prehistoric cairnfield and an associated field
system located on gently sloping ground on Corney Fell 620m south east of
Lambground. It represents evidence for the prehistoric exploitation of this
landscape and includes a group of 13 clearance cairns and three short lengths
of stone bank. The cairns are divided into two groups separated by a small
boggy area, and measure between 2.1m in diameter to 6.1m long and 3.4m wide
and up to 0.5m high. An alignment of five cairns on the eastern edge of the
monument is interpreted as representing the line of an old field boundary in
which sporadic patches of stone clearance were piled against a fence or hedge.
Immediately to the west of this boundary there is a relatively stone free,
flat, well-drained,`D'-shaped plot of land surrounded by cairns. This plot is
interpreted as a prehistoric field which was deliberately cleared of stone in
order to render the ground suitable for agricultural cultivation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Cumbrian uplands comprise large areas of remote mountainous terrain, much
of which is largely open fellside. As a result of archaeological surveys
between 1980 and 1990 within the Lake District National Park, these fells have
become one of the best recorded upland areas in England. On the open fells
there is sufficient well preserved and understood evidence over extensive
areas for human exploitation of these uplands from the Neolithic to the post-
medieval period. On the enclosed land and within forestry the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but they survive sufficiently well to show that human
activity extended beyond the confines of the open fells. Bronze Age activity
accounts for the most extensive use of the area, and evidence for it includes
some of the largest and best preserved field systems and cairn fields in
England, as well as settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles
and other ceremonial remains. Taken together, their remains can provide a
detailed insight into life in the later prehistoric period. Of additional
importance is the well-preserved and often visible relationship between the
remains of earlier and later periods, since this provides an understanding of
changes in land use through time. Because of their rarity in a national
context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections, most
prehistoric monuments on the Lake District fells will be identified as
nationally important.

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
They were constructed from the Neolithic period (from about 3400 BC) although
the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which
began during the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and
variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide
important information on the development of land use and agricultural
practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation during the prehistoric period.
The prehistoric cairnfield and associated field system on Corney Fell, 620m
south east of Lambground survives well and forms part of a well preserved
prehistoric landscape extending along the fellsides of south west Cumbria. In
conjunction with a wide range of other prehistoric remains in the vicinity the
monument represents evidence of long term management and exploitation of this
area in prehistoric times.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Leech, R H, Upland Settlement of the Lake District: Result of Recent Surveys, (1997), 20-6
Quartermaine, J, Charlesground Gill Survey Catalogue, (1985)
Quartermaine, J, Leech, R H, Upland Settlement of the Lake District: Result of Recent Surveys, (1997), 20-6
Quartermaine, J, Charlesground Gill Survey Catalogue, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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