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Round barrow in School Belt, 1050m north west of Jenny Spring

A Scheduled Monument in West Ayton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.274 / 54°16'26"N

Longitude: -0.5251 / 0°31'30"W

OS Eastings: 496138.298126

OS Northings: 487483.855

OS Grid: SE961874

Mapcode National: GBR SMS0.3N

Mapcode Global: WHGBY.XT3W

Entry Name: Round barrow in School Belt, 1050m north west of Jenny Spring

Scheduled Date: 4 August 1933

Last Amended: 9 May 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017167

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33738

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: West Ayton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Hutton Buscell St Matthew

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated on level ground towards the
northern edge of the Tabular Hills.
The barrow originally had an earth and stone mound 6m in diameter and standing
up to 0.4m high. The mound was damaged by forestry activities prior to 1972
and has since been levelled by ploughing.
The barrow lies within a dense concentration of prehistoric burial monuments
in an area which also includes the remains of prehistoric settlement and land
division.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The Tabular Hills in the Wykeham Forest area contain a dense concentration of
prehistoric monuments, dating from the Neolithic to the Iron Age, which
includes field systems, enclosures and land boundaries as well as both round
and square barrows. The spatial and chronological relationships between the
round and square barrows in this area, and between both types of barrow and
other prehistoric monuments, are of considerable importance for understanding
the development of later prehistoric society in eastern Yorkshire.
The importance of the barrow in School Belt, 1050m north west of Jenny Spring,
is enhanced by its assocation with a system of prehistoric linear boundaries,
which are the subject of a separate scheduling.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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