Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Burnt mound on the south bank of Scar Beck, 510m south west of Mizzes House

A Scheduled Monument in Holwick, County Durham

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 54.6389 / 54°38'19"N

Longitude: -2.1641 / 2°9'50"W

OS Eastings: 389506.3934

OS Northings: 527097.141001

OS Grid: NY895270

Mapcode National: GBR FGBS.8W

Mapcode Global: WHB3W.QNPM

Entry Name: Burnt mound on the south bank of Scar Beck, 510m south west of Mizzes House

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017129

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33582

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Holwick

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Details

The monument includes a burnt mound on the south bank of Scar Beck, south of a
modern drystone walled enclosure. The burnt mound is visible as a crescent-
shaped, grass covered mound of burnt stone, 7m by 6m and about 1m high. The
hollow between the two arms of the crescent marks the site of the trough.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A burnt mound is an accumulation of burnt (fire-crazed) stones, ash and
charcoal, usually sited next to a river or lake. On excavation, some form of
trough or basin capable of holding water is normally found in close
association with the mound. The size of the mound can vary considerably; small
examples may be under 0.5m high and less than 10m in diameter, larger examples
may exceed 3m in height and be 35m in diameter. The shape of the mound ranges
from circular to crescentic. The associated trough or basin may be found
within the body of the mound or, more usually, immediately adjacent to it. At
sites which are crescentic in shape the trough is normally found within the
`arms' of the crescent and the mound has the appearance of having developed
around it.
The main phase of use of burnt mounds spans the Early, Middle and Late Bronze
Age, a period of around 1000 years. The function of the mounds has been a
matter of some debate, but it appears that cooking, using heated stones to
boil water in a trough or tank, is the most likely use. Some excavated sites
have revealed several phases of construction, indicating that individual sites
were used more than once.
Burnt mounds are found widely scattered throughout the British Isles, with
around 100 examples identified in England. As a rare monument type which
provides an insight into life in the Bronze Age, all well-preserved examples
will normally be identified as nationally important.

The burnt mound on the south bank of Scar Beck, 510m south west of Mizzes
House survives well and forms an important part of the wider prehistoric
landscape of Upper Teesdale which includes burnt mounds, cairnfields, burial
cairns, settlements, enclosures and field systems.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.