Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 720m south east of Longwood Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Woodchester, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.7151 / 51°42'54"N

Longitude: -2.2584 / 2°15'30"W

OS Eastings: 382243.03593

OS Northings: 201845.23693

OS Grid: SO822018

Mapcode National: GBR 0LK.KTG

Mapcode Global: VH953.S5Y2

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 720m south east of Longwood Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 January 1949

Last Amended: 24 November 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017084

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32388

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Woodchester

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Woodchester St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the crest of a hill in the
Cotswolds 70m north west of a long barrow, the subject of a separate
scheduling. The barrow mound measures 16m in diameter and is 0.25m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated during the
construction of the barrow. This ditch is no longer visible at ground level,
having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature about
2m wide.
The cover cist of the barrow is recorded as having been discovered during
ploughing in the 1940s, following which the site was investigated by
Mrs Clifford, who discovered the remains of a stone cist measuring 1.1m by
0.76m. The finds from the barrow were four pieces of bone and a fragment of
human skull.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 720m south east of Longwood Farm lies in an area of
significant prehistoric activity, with a number of other bowl barrows within a
1km radius of the site as well as several long barrows, one of which lies only
70m to the south east. The bowl barrow survives reasonably well, despite some
plough damage and having been partially excavated. The barrow mound will
contain evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods
which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and about
the size of the local community at that time. The mound will also preserve
environmental evidence in the buried original ground surface, predating the
construction of the barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which
the monument was set. In addition, the mound and its surrounding ditch will
also contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains which will
relate both to the barrow and the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Clifford, E M, 'Trans. of the Bristol and Glos. Arch. Society' in Tumulus Near Bown Hill Long Barrow, , Vol. LXXXV, (1967), 214-215
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 137

Source: Historic England

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