Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 330m north of Symonds' Hall Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.6656 / 51°39'56"N

Longitude: -2.3058 / 2°18'20"W

OS Eastings: 378946.833

OS Northings: 196356.317822

OS Grid: ST789963

Mapcode National: GBR 0M2.KW3

Mapcode Global: VH958.ZDDH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 330m north of Symonds' Hall Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 January 1949

Last Amended: 24 November 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017083

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32387

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Wotton-under-Edge

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Wotton-under-Edge with Ozleworth

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on relatively level ground at the top
of the Cotswold scarp. The barrow mound measures 15m in diameter and is 0.15m
high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch, from which material was excavated
during the construction of the barrow. This ditch is no longer visible at
ground level, having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried
feature about 2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some reduction of the mound by cultivation, the barrow 330m north of
Symonds' Hall Farm, survives relatively well. The barrow mound will contain
evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods which will
provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of
the local community at that time. The mound will also preserve environmental
information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction
of the barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument
was set. In addition, the mound and its surrounding ditch will also contain
environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both
to the barrow and the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 137

Source: Historic England

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