Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 120m north of Home Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Sherborne, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.8257 / 51°49'32"N

Longitude: -1.7532 / 1°45'11"W

OS Eastings: 417102.788498

OS Northings: 214152.614822

OS Grid: SP171141

Mapcode National: GBR 4R6.FL4

Mapcode Global: VHB28.KCHQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 120m north of Home Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 November 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017082

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32386

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Sherborne

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Sherborne St Mary Magdalene

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow which lies just below the crest of a north
east facing hill in the Cotswolds. The barrow mound measures 12m in diameter
and is 0.4m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was
excavated during the construction of the barrow. This ditch is no longer
visible at ground level, but survives as a buried feature about 2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow 120m north of Home Farm survives well, despite some reduction in
size from cultivation. The barrow mound will contain evidence for primary and
secondary burials, along with grave goods which will provide information about
prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of the local community at
that time. The mound will also preserve environmental information in the
buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow and
providing an insight into the landscape in which the monument was set. In
addition, the mound and its surrounding ditch will contain environmental
evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both to the barrow
and the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Darvill, T C, Grinsell, L V, 'Trans. of the Bristol and Glos. Arch. Society' in Gloucestershire Barrows: Supplement 1961-1988, , Vol. CVII, (1989), 39

Source: Historic England

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