Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow on Highwood Brow, 990m north east of Brompton Moor House

A Scheduled Monument in Broxa-cum-Troutsdale, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2892 / 54°17'21"N

Longitude: -0.5597 / 0°33'35"W

OS Eastings: 493849.446692

OS Northings: 489136.337178

OS Grid: SE938891

Mapcode National: GBR SLJV.M5

Mapcode Global: WHGBY.CGP4

Entry Name: Round barrow on Highwood Brow, 990m north east of Brompton Moor House

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017026

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33504

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Broxa-cum-Troutsdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position at the
top of the northern scarp edge of the Tabular Hills.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing up to 1.2m high. It is round
in shape and measures 12m in diameter. In the centre of the mound there is a
hollow caused by part excavation in the past, and this extends as a trench
towards the eastern edge. The barrow was originally surrounded by a kerb of
stones which defined the barrow and supported the mound, but over the years
many of these stones have been taken away or buried by soil slipping off the
mound, so that the kerb is no longer visible. The barrow lies within a dense
concentration of prehistoric burial monuments in an area which also includes
the remains of prehistoric settlement and land division.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The Tabular Hills in the Wykeham Forest area contain a dense concentration of
prehistoric monuments, dating from the Neolithic to the Iron Age, which
includes field systems, enclosures and land boundaries as well as both round
and square barrows. The spatial and chronological relationships between the
round and square barrows in this area, and between both types of barrow and
other prehistoric monuments, are of considerable importance for understanding
the development of later prehistoric society in eastern Yorkshire.
Despite limited disturbance, the barrow 990m north east of Brompton Moor House
survives well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow
and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land
use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow
mound. The barrow is one in a line of four burial monuments, only three of
which survive, and such clusters provide important insight into the
development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Lee, G E, Wykeham Archaeological Survey, (1991)
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 138

Source: Historic England

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