Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow in Wykeham Forest, 360m south east of the Three Tremblers

A Scheduled Monument in Brompton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.2777 / 54°16'39"N

Longitude: -0.5594 / 0°33'33"W

OS Eastings: 493899.33225

OS Northings: 487848.369001

OS Grid: SE938878

Mapcode National: GBR SLJZ.PB

Mapcode Global: WHGBY.CRW1

Entry Name: Round barrow in Wykeham Forest, 360m south east of the Three Tremblers

Scheduled Date: 22 January 1969

Last Amended: 14 December 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017022

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32505

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Brompton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated towards the north edge of the
Tabular Hills.
The barrow has a prominent earth and stone mound standing up to 1.7m high. It
is round in shape and measures 20m in diameter. In the centre of the mound
there is a hollow caused by excavations in the past, which extends towards the
east. The barrow lies within a dense concentration of prehistoric burial
monuments in an area which also includes the remains of prehistoric settlement
and land division.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The Tabular Hills in the Wykeham Forest area contain a dense concentration of
prehistoric monuments, dating from the Neolithic to the Iron Age, which
includes field systems, enclosures and land boundaries as well as both round
and square barrows. The spatial and chronological relationships between the
round and square barrows in this area, and between both types of barrow and
other prehistoric monuments, are of considerable importance for understanding
the development of later prehistoric society in eastern Yorkshire.
Despite limited disturbance, the barrow 360m south east of the Three Tremblers
survives well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow
and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land
use will also survive beneath the barrow mound.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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