Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Prehistoric enclosure south of The Intake, 920m south east of Stainton

A Scheduled Monument in Waberthwaite, Cumbria

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3351 / 54°20'6"N

Longitude: -3.3343 / 3°20'3"W

OS Eastings: 313336.386778

OS Northings: 494103.977729

OS Grid: SD133941

Mapcode National: GBR 5L49.XR

Mapcode Global: WH71G.R9FG

Entry Name: Prehistoric enclosure south of The Intake, 920m south east of Stainton

Scheduled Date: 29 October 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016987

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32829

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Waberthwaite

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Millom

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument includes a partly mutilated prehistoric sub-circular enclosure,
located on the summit of a small spur on enclosed moorland south of The
Intake, 920m south east of Stainton. The enclosure measures approximately 24m
long by 21m wide; its eastern boundary is formed by a low stone bank, while
the western boundary is formed by a stone wall up to 0.7m high which may be a
later addition built on the site of the enclosure's original boundary bank.
Breaks in the boundary bank suggest entrances on the enclosure's north and
south sides.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Cumbrian uplands comprise large areas of remote mountainous terrain, much
of which is largely open fellside. As a result of archaeological surveys
between 1980 and 1990 within the Lake District National Park, these fells have
become one of the best recorded upland areas in England. On the open fells
there is sufficient well preserved and understood evidence over extensive
areas for human exploitation of these uplands from the Neolithic to the post-
medieval period. On the enclosed land and within forestry the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but they survive sufficiently well to show that human
activity extended beyond the confines of the open fells. Bronze Age activity
accounts for the most extensive use of the area, and evidence for it includes
some of the largest and best preserved field systems and cairn fields in
England, as well as settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles
and other ceremonial remains. Taken together, their remains can provide a
detailed insight into life in the later prehistoric period. Of additional
importance is the well-preserved and often visible relationship between the
remains of earlier and later periods, since this provides an understanding of
changes in land use through time. Because of their rarity in a national
context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections, most
prehistoric monuments on the Lake District fells will be identified as
nationally important.

Within the upland landscape of Cumbria there are many discrete plots of land,
or enclosures, enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of
which date to the Bronze Age. They were constructed as stock pens or as
protected areas for crop growing. Their size and form may therefore vary
depending upon their function. Their variation in form, longevity and relation
to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
Despite some later disturbance, the prehistoric enclosure south of The Intake,
920m south east of Stainton survives reasonably well and forms part of a well-
preserved prehistoric landscape extending along the fellsides of south west
Cumbria. In conjunction with a wide range of other prehistoric monuments in
the vicinity it represents evidence of long term management and exploitation
of this area in prehistoric times.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Leech, R H, Upland Settlement of the Lake District: Result of Recent Surveys, (1997), 51-8
Quartermaine, J, Stainton Fell Survey Catalogue, (1984)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.