Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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East Hendred Down bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Chilton, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.5621 / 51°33'43"N

Longitude: -1.3324 / 1°19'56"W

OS Eastings: 446373.661152

OS Northings: 185012.277

OS Grid: SU463850

Mapcode National: GBR 800.5XL

Mapcode Global: VHCYK.VZGW

Entry Name: East Hendred Down bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 13 November 1969

Last Amended: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016982

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28193

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Chilton

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on East Hendred Down.
The barrow mound survives, despite partial reduction by cultivation, as an
upstanding earthwork measuring approximately 30m in diameter and standing up
to 0.7m high. The mound is surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material
was obtained during its construction. This has become infilled over the years
and now lies beneath the edge of the spread mound. This ditch will survive as
a buried feature to its original width of 3m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

East Hendred Down bowl barrow survives despite having been partly levelled by
cultivation and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England


Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1980
SU 48 NE

Source: Historic England

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