Ancient Monuments

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Linear boundary on Bidcombe Down and Whitepits Down

A Scheduled Monument in Kingston Deverill, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1397 / 51°8'22"N

Longitude: -2.228 / 2°13'40"W

OS Eastings: 384143.477387

OS Northings: 137849.050898

OS Grid: ST841378

Mapcode National: GBR 1VX.FJZ

Mapcode Global: VH97V.BMH5

Entry Name: Linear boundary on Bidcombe Down and Whitepits Down

Scheduled Date: 10 January 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016904

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31685

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Kingston Deverill

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: The Deverills and Horningsham

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument, which falls into four areas of protection, includes a length of
linear boundary earthwork and a dew pond situated on the south facing slope of
a ridge of Middle Chalk, encompassing Cold Kitchen Hill, Whitecliff Down and
Brimsdown Hill on the northern side of the Wylye valley.
The monument runs approximately ESE-WNW for 2km, rising and dipping as it
crosses four coombes cut into the scarp. At the base of these coombes there
are breaks, interpreted as deliberate causeways.
The area to the east comprises two roughly parallel linear features each
consisting of a bank flanked to the north by a ditch. The upper ditch, to the
north, is 3.25m wide and 0.75m deep and the bank is 5m wide and 0.75m high.
The lower ditch is 4m wide and 0.75m deep while the bank is 4.5m wide and
0.75m high. At the eastern end of this area the two linear features are
separated by a distance of 120m, but as they approach the first coombe they
converge. West of this coombe they are cut by a disused quarry beyond which
the upper bank and ditch continue. The lower bank and ditch have been
reduced by post-medieval ploughing and emerge 225m to the west, 14m south of
the upper earthwork. West of this, the lower bank and ditch terminate but
resume 15m further to the south of the upper bank and ditch. There is a
corresponding break in the upper bank and ditch.
In the base of the third coombe is a dew pond 17m square and 1.7m deep with a
slight bank 0.1m high on all sides. West of Hiscombe Wood, the character of
the monument changes and for a section of 223m it comprises a single ditch
2.5m wide and 0.5m deep flanked on either side by banks each 7m wide and 1.5m
high. This stretch is cut by a later track as it crosses a spur of the
hillside. Beyond a fifth coombe there are a series of cattle droves climbing
the spur. These are not however included in the scheduling.
The monument is one of a number of linear features which survive on this
ridge of chalk, all of which are the subjects of seperate schedulings.
The area between the bank and ditch as well as the unploughed breaks within
the smaller coombes are interpreted as integral parts of the monument and are
therefore included in the scheduling.
All fenceposts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or
multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between
less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features
visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The
evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that
their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although
they may have been re-used later.
The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were
constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries
in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of
their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious
associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those
groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance
for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well
preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

The linear boundary on Bidcombe Down and Whitepits Down survives well and is a
good example of a late prehistoric linear boundary. It is one of a series of
linear earthworks in this area which provide an important insight into the
system of land division in the later prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

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