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Five bowl barrows 270m north of Hare Park Stud

A Scheduled Monument in Swaffham Bulbeck, Cambridgeshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.2114 / 52°12'41"N

Longitude: 0.3125 / 0°18'44"E

OS Eastings: 558094.479109

OS Northings: 259542.010108

OS Grid: TL580595

Mapcode National: GBR NB6.7TZ

Mapcode Global: VHHK6.CPK2

Entry Name: Five bowl barrows 270m north of Hare Park Stud

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1972

Last Amended: 15 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016818

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33341

County: Cambridgeshire

Civil Parish: Swaffham Bulbeck

Traditional County: Cambridgeshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cambridgeshire

Church of England Parish: Swaffham Bulbeck St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Ely

Details

The monument includes a group of five bowl barrows, part of a barrow cemetery,
situated on the summit of a west-facing chalk spur at Upper Hare Park. The
barrow mounds have been reduced and spread by ploughing and three are no
longer visible above ground, although buried remains of all five survive.

The barrows are all situated in the vicinity of Hare Park Stud, between the
stud and the A11/A1303 junction. About 500m north of Hare Park Stud is a
mound standing to a height of at least 1m and of a circular shape with a
diameter of 36m. A second mound approximately 50m north of the stud survives
to a height of 0.7m and is approximately 43m in diameter. Both barrows are
surrounded by ditches which have become infilled over the years but will
survive as buried features. A pair of barrows, in close proximity to one
another, are situated 200m and 250m north west of Hare Park Stud. Although the
barrow mounds have been reduced by ploughing, their infilled ditches survive
defining circular areas 32m and 30m in diameter respectively. The buried
remains of the fifth barrow, also surviving as an infilled ditch defining an
area 30m in diameter, lie 460m north west of the stud.

In 1989 geophysical survey confirmed the survival of below-ground features
including infilled ditches as well as internal features such as post holes
and burial pits.

The Hare Park Stud bowl barrows lie within an extensive area of burial mounds
scattered upon the chalk grounds of south east Cambridgeshire. In the close
vicinity are two further barrow groups, one at Allington Hill and the other
270m north west of Hare Park Stud, which are the subjects of separate
schedulings.

The telegraph pole and fencing are excluded from the scheduling although the
ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrows 270m north of Hare Park Stud include the most well-preserved
examples of a formerly extensive round barrow cemetery, now largely destroyed.
They include the only two barrows of which the mounds are still standing. As
part of an extensive area of burial mounds upon the chalk grounds of south
east Cambridgeshire, this cemetery is one of the most substantial indicators
of prehistoric activity in the region and is therefore a focus for the study
of prehistoric society. As a result of part excavation during the 19th and
early 20th centuries and a geophysical survey in 1989, the remains are quite
well understood while significant archaeological deposits have been left
intact.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Fox, C, Archaeology of the Cambridge Region, (1923), 327-8
Fox, C, Archaeology of the Cambridge Region, (1923), 327
Allix, C, Hughes, T, 'PCAS' in On a Tumulus Recently Explored on Newmarket Heath, , Vol. LI, (1908), 314-24
Hughes, T M, 'Proceesings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society' in Abstract of the Preceedings at the Meetings of the Society, , Vol. XLV, (1885), ix
Symonds, J, 'Tempus Reparatum' in Archaeological assessment at Hare Park proposed new development, (1990), 20
Symonds, J, 'Tempus Reparatum' in Archaeological assessment at Hare Park proposed new development, (1990), 20
Symonds, J, 'Tempus Reparatum' in Archaeological assessment at Hare Park proposed new development, (1990), 20
Other
F1 PAS 08-JUN-81, Ordnance Survey , Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comment, (1981)
No 71, RCHM, NE Cambridgeshire, (1972)
No 74, RCHM, NE Cambridgeshire, (1972)
RCHM, NE Cambs, (1972)

Source: Historic England

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