Ancient Monuments

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Enclosed settlement 450m north of Bake Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Everleigh, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2701 / 51°16'12"N

Longitude: -1.7383 / 1°44'17"W

OS Eastings: 418355.664374

OS Northings: 152360.494892

OS Grid: SU183523

Mapcode National: GBR 4YZ.CBH

Mapcode Global: VHB4Z.TBDP

Entry Name: Enclosed settlement 450m north of Bake Barn

Scheduled Date: 14 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016781

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31194

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Everleigh

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Enford All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes an area of enclosed Iron Age settlement situated on a
broad flat-topped ridge on Coombe Down and comprises two, adjacent, large
sub-circular ditched enclosures, the southernmost of which contains a further,
smaller, sub-rectangular enclosure. They form part of a group of six such
settlements that all lie within 2km of each other, two of which are the
subject of separate schedulings. Although no longer visible on the surface,
the enclosures are visible on aerial photographs and will survive as
buried features.
The northern enclosure has a level interior with a maximum diameter of 150m,
surrounding which is a ditch. Excavation by the University of Reading has
shown this to be 3.5m wide and 1.7m deep. The second enclosure is adjacent,
to the south east, and is slightly larger with a maximum internal diameter of
180m. Excavation has shown the surrounding ditch of this enclosure to be 4m
wide and 2.5m deep. Lying within this enclosure, and slightly off centre is a
much smaller sub-rectangular enclosure. This has an internal diameter of
approximately 30m and is surrounded by a ditch 2.5m wide and 1.8m deep. There
is a gap in the ditch circuit on the east side that probably represents an
entrance. Where they face each other, the two larger enclosures also have
gaps in their ditch circuits.
Pottery recovered during the University of Reading excavations show that the
smallest enclosure is also the earliest and dates from the Early Iron Age,
although a large pit found just inside this enclosure also contained Early
Iron Age pottery and may represent a brief period of unenclosed settlement.
The two larger enclosures were constructed at the end of the Early Iron Age
and continued in use during the Middle Iron Age.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological
remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in
those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains
represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are
considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from
those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites
on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.
Enclosures provide important evidence of land use and agricultural practices
in the prehistoric/Romano-British period. The enclosures in the Salisbury
Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important and best preserved
fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence of these remains and their
relationship with extensive field systems and settlement complexes are of
critical importance to understanding the character and development of downland

Despite cultivation erosion, excavation has shown that the three enclosed
settlements 450m north of Bake Barn survive well as buried features. They
are known to contain archaeological and environmental remains relating both to
the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

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