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Henge 850m south east of Foss Road Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bingham, Nottinghamshire

Approximate Location Map
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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9559 / 52°57'21"N

Longitude: -0.9554 / 0°57'19"W

OS Eastings: 470270.783503

OS Northings: 340350.587502

OS Grid: SK702403

Mapcode National: GBR BLG.R87

Mapcode Global: WHFJ0.9Y8S

Entry Name: Henge 850m south east of Foss Road Farm

Scheduled Date: 30 April 1974

Last Amended: 2 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016777

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29902

County: Nottinghamshire

Civil Parish: Bingham

Built-Up Area: Bingham

Traditional County: Nottinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Nottinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Bingham

Church of England Diocese: Southwell and Nottingham

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of Bingham henge, located 850m south
east of Foss Road Farm, beneath a car park in Bingham Industrial Estate.
Aerial photography revealed the site as a clear soil mark in the 1960s
following ploughing of the field. A protective layer of clay, 0.9m in depth,
was placed over the monument prior to development early in the 1970s. The site
consists of a sub-circular platform surrounded by a ditch and external bank
and measures a total of 35m in diameter. A causeway to the south east provides
an entrance to the interior.
All modern roads and surfaces are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic
period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval-
shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a
ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the
interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features
including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or
central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide
important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types
of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in
which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the
exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally
situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are
rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of
identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all
henges are considered to be of national importance.

Bingham henge is a well preserved and rare example of this type of site in
Nottinghamshire. The fill of the ditch, the make up of the bank and the old
ground surface beneath the bank will retain important archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the use and date of the site.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T. C., Monument Protection Programme Single Monument Description Henges, 1989,

Source: Historic England

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