Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Ibsley Common, 670m north west of North Hollow Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Hyde, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8973 / 50°53'50"N

Longitude: -1.7429 / 1°44'34"W

OS Eastings: 418175.582401

OS Northings: 110903.440601

OS Grid: SU181109

Mapcode National: GBR 53F.Q4V

Mapcode Global: FRA 767Q.NT4

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Ibsley Common, 670m north west of North Hollow Bridge

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1971

Last Amended: 16 April 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016745

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31176

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Hyde

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Hyde with Ellingham and Harbridge

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date,
situated on high ground at the heel of a slight east facing spur projecting
from the eastern edge of a gravel plateau on Ibsley Common. This flat plateau,
which covers an area of approximately 240ha, is also the site of a later,
World War II aerodrome, for which some associated structural and earthwork
remains survive, and at least 15 further round barrows, all of which are
situated near the sharp upper edges of the central plateau or on subsidiary
spurs. These are the subject of separate schedulings.
The monument includes a flat topped, circular mound, 9m in diameter and
approximately 0.45m high, constructed on a slight slope. No visible trace of
a surrounding ditch survives, but part excavation in 1917 indicated the
presence of a shallow quarry ditch, 1m wide, extending around the mound as a
buried feature. The excavations indicated that this ditch would have provided
clayey, stony material for the mound's outer covering over a core of
compacted, white clayey sand brought in from elsewhere. Within the mound's
core, just west of centre, the excavations revealed an oblong, north-south
oriented void, possibly for an inhumation burial, filled with ferruginous clay
and gravel resting directly on the undisturbed subsoil. Excavations of five
other barrows on Ibsley Common have revealed a similar void at the centre of
one mound and Bronze Age funerary urns containing burnt human bone and other
material at the centres of three others. The urns and other materials
recovered from these excavations are now held at the Salisbury Museum.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow on Ibsley Common, 670m north west of North Hollow Bridge,
survives well despite some later disturbance caused by its part excavation and
the modern use of the common as a World War II aerodrome. It forms part of a
widely spaced group of at least 15 round barrows situated on Ibsley Common.
Part excavation has shown that it retains archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Sumner, H, Local Papers (Excavation of barrows on Ibsley Common), (1931)

Source: Historic England

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