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Moated site immediately south of Manor Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Crawley, Milton Keynes

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0919 / 52°5'30"N

Longitude: -0.6243 / 0°37'27"W

OS Eastings: 494347.731019

OS Northings: 244618.792013

OS Grid: SP943446

Mapcode National: GBR F10.YSR

Mapcode Global: VHFQC.4PB7

Entry Name: Moated site immediately south of Manor Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 November 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016703

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32123

County: Milton Keynes

Civil Parish: North Crawley

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Sherington with Chicheley, North Crawley, Astwood and Hardmead

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site immediately south of Manor Farm
at East End, North Crawley.

The moated site includes a trapezoidal island measuring 64m north east-south
west by a maximum of 62m north west-south east. The island is contained by a
moat which has a maximum width of 9m and depth of 1.2m. An outer bank, thought
to be upcast from the ditch is visible only on the north east and south east
sides of the moat. This has a maximum height of 0.5m and width of 4m. A wide
extension to the north west arm of the moat runs for 20m in a north westerly
direction. The island is approached by a 4m wide causeway on the north western
side. A 17th century stone house, which stood on the island until its
demolition in 1935, may have represented a successor to Filliol Manor which is
thought to have occupied the site from the late 12th century.

The hardcore surface on the island, sheds, bird pens, the remains of a
comparatively recent stone and brick building on the island, the concrete
revetting to the north west extension of the moat, the wooden bridge over its
south east arm, and the southern part of the barn where it falls within the
monument's protective margin, are all excluded from the scheduling, although
the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite disturbance from tipping on and around the moat, the island remains
substantially undisturbed and will retain buried evidence for structures and
other features relating to the earlier periods of occupation. The buried silts
in the base of the ditches will contain both artefacts relating to the period
of occupation and environmental evidence for the appearance of the landscape
in which the monument was set.

The monument lies in an area where moated sites are fairly numerous, with
further examples situated in the main village of North Crawley to the north
west and at Hardmead to the north. Comparisons between these sites will
provide valuable insights into the developments of settlement and society
in the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Chibnall, A C, Beyond Sherington, (1979), 102
Other
RCHM Bucks,

Source: Historic England

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