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Moated site at Stubbing's Entry

A Scheduled Monument in Burgate, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.3262 / 52°19'34"N

Longitude: 1.0261 / 1°1'33"E

OS Eastings: 606307.711719

OS Northings: 274102.360556

OS Grid: TM063741

Mapcode National: GBR TJF.28F

Mapcode Global: VHKCX.QSTL

Entry Name: Moated site at Stubbing's Entry

Scheduled Date: 2 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016700

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30572

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Burgate

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Burgate St Mary of Pity

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

Details

The monument includes a moated site located at the western end of Stubbing's
Green, against the parish boundary between Burgate and Botesdale to the north.
It is identified as the home of the De Stebbing family who are documented in
local records of the 13th century. An early 14th century document refers to
`land called Stubbynge' belonging to Bury St Edmund's Abbey.

The moat, which contains water, ranges in width from about 5m on the north
side to 12.5m on the south and remains open to an average depth of 1.8m,
surrounding all but the south western part of a sub-rectangular central area
with overall internal dimensions of approximately 117m east-west by 85m. It is
thought that the moat continues as a buried feature around the south western
part of the enclosure, where the line of the infilled southern half of the
western arm is marked by a shallow, east facing scarp. A narrow causeway
across the western arm is not an original feature. The central area is divided
into two enclosures by an internal extension of the moat approximately 11m
wide and originally continuous, which runs northward from the southern arm for
a distance of about 50m, with a shorter length of about 15m, offset to the
west, running southward from the northern arm. Between the two is an infilled
section, marked by a depression about 0.5m deep in the ground surface and
shown as still largely open on a map made in 1840. Within the eastern and
slightly smaller of the two enclosures is a sub-rectangular pond, connected by
a short channel to the eastern arm of the moat and by the dry remains of a
partly infilled ditch to the central dividing arm.

Basil Brown excavated a small area in the western enclosure in the 1930s and
found evidence of medieval occupation in the form of building materials,
including roof tile, fragments of medieval pottery, and a layer of oyster
shells described as a `pavement' about 0.45m below the present surface.

The present house, which is dated in part to the 17th century and Listed Grade
II, stands in the south eastern corner of the moated site and is excluded from
the scheduling, together with the associated outbuildings, garden walls and
paving, a small ornamental pool, the surfaces of modern paths and driveways,
inspection chambers, service poles and all modern fence and gate posts,
although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Stubbing's Entry is a good example of a double moat, and
its association with the historically documented De Stebbing family gives it
additional interest. The limited excavations carried out in the western
enclosure have demonstrated that evidence for buildings and other remains of
medieval occupation survive as buried features. Further archaeological
information concerning the construction of the site and its subsequent use
will be contained in the moat and deposits within the interior.
Organic materials, including evidence for the local environment in the past
are also likely to be preserved in waterlogged deposits in the lower fill of
the moat.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings Suffolk Inst Archaeol' in Burgate: Stubbings Entry, , Vol. 21, (1933), 263
Brown, B, 'East Anglian Miscellany' in 9695: Stubbings Entry, , Vol. 30, (1936)
Brown, B, 'East Anglian Miscellany' in 9690: Stubbings Entry, , Vol. 30, (1936), 19
Other
Copy held by SAU, Brown, B, Basil Brown Archive, 93, (1933)
Title: Burgate: Tithe Map and Apportionment
Source Date: 1840
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
CRO Ipswich: Ref P461/50; FDA50/A1/1a

Source: Historic England

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