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Cup and groove marked rock on the south bank of Scaletree Gill, 560m north west of Park House Farm, Baldersdale

A Scheduled Monument in Hunderthwaite, County Durham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5847 / 54°35'4"N

Longitude: -2.0588 / 2°3'31"W

OS Eastings: 396297.417995

OS Northings: 521057.78004

OS Grid: NY962210

Mapcode National: GBR GH2F.29

Mapcode Global: WHB4B.B1V3

Entry Name: Cup and groove marked rock on the south bank of Scaletree Gill, 560m north west of Park House Farm, Baldersdale

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016603

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31796

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Hunderthwaite

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric carved rock in Baldersdale. It is situated
at the south side of Scaletree Gill, in the field west of Scaletree
Plantation, 560m north west of Park House Farm at NGR NY96305 21057. The
carved rock measures 0.6m by 0.65m by (0.2m) high. The carving consists of
three closely-grouped cups joined by a groove, a cup with a groove running
from it to the edge of the rock, and three other possible cups.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Pecked lines or grooves can
also exist in isolation from cup and ring decoration. Other shapes and
patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the
Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our
most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the
designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious
symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and it is one of several carved rocks
on the north side of Baldersdale. It will contribute to the study of
prehistoric carved rocks in Britain.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Cup and ring stone PRN 1709, Pickin J, Romaldkirk Moor, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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