Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows north of Green Lane, 430m and 330m west of Rewe Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Nether Exe, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7875 / 50°47'15"N

Longitude: -3.5001 / 3°30'0"W

OS Eastings: 294356.708752

OS Northings: 99736.531712

OS Grid: SX943997

Mapcode National: GBR LH.ZP40

Mapcode Global: FRA 37K0.88Q

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows north of Green Lane, 430m and 330m west of Rewe Cross

Scheduled Date: 25 May 1962

Last Amended: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016565

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29676

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Nether Exe

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Rewe St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes two Bronze
Age bowl barrows, lying in an approximate east-west alignment, situated about
100m apart on low lying land between the River Exe and the River Culm.
Both barrows have been reduced in height and spread by cultivation but both
have mounds with an average height of 1m. Both barrows have surrounding ring
ditches from which soil was extracted for the construction of their mounds;
these ring ditches survive as below ground features which have been recorded
as crop marks on aerial photographs with a width of about 2m. The diameter of
the westernmost barrow, inclusive of its ring ditch, is about 32m and that of
the eastern barrow about 38m. These barrows are two of a number of such
barrows which have been recognised in this area of the Exe valley.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite reduction in their height through cultivation, the two Bronze Age
barrows north of Green Lane and west of Rewe Cross have surviving mounds and
associated ditches. They will contain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the barrows and the landscape in which they were built.
The area has a tradition of prehistoric burial with the remains of an earlier
Neolithic long mortuary enclosure located in fields just to the west of the
barrows and other Bronze Age barrows in the vicinity.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, (1983), 39
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, (1983), 39
Other
Attrill, N J, Ordnance Survey Archaeology, (1982)
DAP/CG 2, Griffith, F, Devon Aerial Photograph, (1984)
DAP/CG 2, Griffith, F, Devon Aerial Photograph, (1984)
Davies, D A, Ordnance Survey Archaeology, (1958)

Source: Historic England

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