Ancient Monuments

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Bowl Barrow, part of the round barrow cemetery south of Codford Down

A Scheduled Monument in Chitterne, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1845 / 51°11'4"N

Longitude: -2.0294 / 2°1'45"W

OS Eastings: 398039.437002

OS Northings: 142809.6014

OS Grid: ST980428

Mapcode National: GBR 2WX.PQF

Mapcode Global: VHB56.RHZ9

Entry Name: Bowl Barrow, part of the round barrow cemetery south of Codford Down

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1927

Last Amended: 16 April 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016557

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31666

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Chitterne

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Codford St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, part of a round barrow cemetery below
Codford Down, on the western side of the valley of the Chitterne Brook. The
cemetery originally contained one bell barrow and ten bowl barrows. Of these
the bell barrow and five bowl barrows survive as upstanding earthworks. This
barrow, which lies 130m east of the remainder of the cemetery, the subject of
a seperate scheduling, is situated on a slight rise above the main group
adjacent to a ploughed out lynchet which forms part of a surrounding
prehistoric field system.
The mound of the barrow is 30m across and 1m high. It is surrounded by a ditch
from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become
infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature 3m wide.
Partial excavation by William Cunnington in the early 19th century revealed a
primary cremation in a cist overlain by an inhumation with associated grave
goods interpreted as a secondary Saxon burial. The barrow is illustrated in
Colt Hoare's `The Ancient History of Wiltshire' Volume 1 published in 1812.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been spread by ploughing this bowl barrow, which is part of the
round barrow cemetry south of Codford Down, survives as a good example of its
class of monument. It is known from partial excavation to contain
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the people who
built it and the landscape in which they lived. Secondary use of the barrow in
the early medieval period indicates the significance of this barrow some 3000
years after it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Colt Hoare, R, The Ancient History of Wiltshire: Volume I, (1812), 79

Source: Historic England

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