Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 120m ESE of The Croft

A Scheduled Monument in St. Mary Bourne, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.2566 / 51°15'23"N

Longitude: -1.41 / 1°24'36"W

OS Eastings: 441265.486948

OS Northings: 150995.412997

OS Grid: SU412509

Mapcode National: GBR 728.4BQ

Mapcode Global: VHC2M.HPX0

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 120m ESE of The Croft

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016519

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30258

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: St. Mary Bourne

Built-Up Area: St Mary Bourne

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: St Mary Bourne St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the southern edge of a flood
plain approximately 120m ESE of The Croft. The barrow is sub-circular in plan
and has a low spread mound up to 33m in diameter and a maximum of 1.3m
in height. A ditch, from which material was excavated for the monument's
construction, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but
survives as a buried feature approximately 2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow 120m ESE of The Croft survives particularly well as a
substantial earthwork which will retain archaeological information pertaining
to its construction and use. In addition the old land surface sealed beneath
the mound is likely to contain environmental evidence relating to the
landscape in which the barrow was placed. The barrow represents an unusual
survival in a relatively low-lying location which has otherwise been subject
to intense agricultural usage.

Source: Historic England


RCHME, NMR No. SU 45 SW 14,

Source: Historic England

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