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Moated site 400m north east of Home Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Withcall, Lincolnshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.337 / 53°20'13"N

Longitude: -0.0703 / 0°4'13"W

OS Eastings: 528583.681666

OS Northings: 383967.734907

OS Grid: TF285839

Mapcode National: GBR WYYV.KH

Mapcode Global: WHHJY.WDP4

Entry Name: Moated site 400m north east of Home Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 April 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016473

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31619

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: Withcall

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: Raithby St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site located 400m to the north east of
Home Farm. The moat is one of two such sites located within the area of the
former medieval village of Withcall; the second moat 250m to the south west is
the subject of a separate scheduling. Documentary records show that in 1086
Withcall was held by the Bishop of Bayeux, Rainer de Brimou, and William
Blund. By the 14th century Withcall was let to tenants and held by William
Ribald of Louth.

The moated site includes a moated platform, or island, with external banks and
ditches and covers an area approximately 120m by 65m. The rectangular island
measures 70m by 30m and includes an internal bank and a raised rectangular
mound in the western corner which represents a building platform where the
house would have been located. A shallow depression in the centre of the
island, linked to the south eastern moat arm by a channel or leat, is thought
to represent a subdivision of the moated island. The platform is enclosed on
three sides by a broad dry moat measuring 8m to 14m in width with external
banks measuring between 4m to 10m in width. On the fourth side the north west
moat arm is partly cut by a modern drainage ditch containing water and is
lined by an external bank measuring approximately 8m in width.

Water was formerly supplied to the moat by a stream flowing in from the south
west with the outer channels forming part of the water management system.
On the north east side of the moat, immediately beyond the external bank,
there is a broad channel, measuring 7m in width, whilst on the south western
side of the moat the external bank is lined by a channel with an outer bank,
which together measure 11m in width.

Other areas of the former medieval village at Withcall have not survived as
fully identifiable earthwork remains, and although these areas will include
archaeological remains, the level of survival is currently unknown and they
are not included in the scheduling.

All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them
is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 400m north east of Home Farm survives well as a series of
earthworks and buried deposits. Waterlogging at the base of the moat and
channels will preserve organic remains, such as timber, leather and seeds,
which will give an insight into domestic and economic activity on the site.
The banks and artificially raised ground will preserve evidence of land use
prior to their construction.

As one of two moats associated with the medieval village of Withcall it
contributes to an understanding of the relationship between contemporary
components of the medieval landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Foster, C W, Longley, T, The Lincolnshire Domesday and the Lincolnshire Survey, (1976)
Other
Lincolnshire Archives Office, MM 1/1/22, (1399)
NMR, 353113, (1998)

Source: Historic England

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