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Round barrow 340m east of Cliffe Hall known as Betty Watson's Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Cliffe, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5322 / 54°31'55"N

Longitude: -1.6763 / 1°40'34"W

OS Eastings: 421045.162558

OS Northings: 515261.283542

OS Grid: NZ210152

Mapcode National: GBR JJQ1.W3

Mapcode Global: WHC5V.7B0W

Entry Name: Round barrow 340m east of Cliffe Hall known as Betty Watson's Hill

Scheduled Date: 23 July 1963

Last Amended: 24 September 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016263

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29523

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Cliffe

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Manfield All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated on a bluff to the south of the
River Tees at Piercebridge. The barrow has a flat topped earth and stone mound
standing 1.2m high. It is round in shape and measures 18m in diameter.
Surrounding the mound is a slight trace of ditch 2m wide with a low bank 2m
wide and 0.2m high flanking the ditch.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, this barrow has survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed
within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive
beneath the barrow mound.
The barrow lies 180m north east of a further barrow, the subject of a separate
scheduling (SM 29524). Both these barrows were part of a wider group of
barrows in the area and have survived the action of farming as they lie in
uncultivated parkland. Thus these barrows represent a rare level of survival
and will offer important information about the social and ritual practices of
a wider area in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SMR Record entry, (1994)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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