Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 240m south west of Lane End

A Scheduled Monument in Halwill, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7789 / 50°46'44"N

Longitude: -4.2255 / 4°13'31"W

OS Eastings: 243192.443872

OS Northings: 100067.88178

OS Grid: SS431000

Mapcode National: GBR NS.06FH

Mapcode Global: FRA 2711.1LY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 240m south west of Lane End

Scheduled Date: 24 September 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016221

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28644

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Halwill

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Halwill St Peter and St James

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on the summit of a
hill to the north east of Halwill overlooking the valleys of two tributaries
of the River Carey to the north and east. The upland area in which it lies
supports a concentration of barrows, most of which are situated on ridges.
The monument survives as an elongated oval mound which measures 27m long from
east to west and 25m wide from north to south and is 0.8m high. The ditch,
from which material to construct the mound was derived, survives as a 2m wide
buried feature. The mound and ditch have been cut by a quarry to the east,
which has been partly backfilled.
The site was part excavated by Burnard in 1895. A platform of small, flat,
fired stones which measured 3.6m long, 1.8m wide and 0.3m high was found at
the centre of the mound and this was covered with charcoal and ash. A pit was
also found nearby which measured 1.36m long, 1m wide and 1.2m deep. This
contained calcined animal bone. Also recovered were a few sherds of Late
Neolithic to Early Bronze Age pottery and an amber pendant.
All fences and fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited damage as a result of modern activities, the bowl barrow 240m
south west of Lane End survives comparatively well and is known from part
excavation to contain archaeological and environmental information relating to
the monument and its surrounding landscape. This barrow forms part of a wider
distribution which includes several barrows situated in this part of Devon.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS40SW12, (1983)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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