Ancient Monuments

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The Three Burrows

A Scheduled Monument in Kenwyn, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.2804 / 50°16'49"N

Longitude: -5.1592 / 5°9'33"W

OS Eastings: 175020.38937

OS Northings: 47047.062486

OS Grid: SW750470

Mapcode National: GBR Z7.8HWQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 0829.3W8

Entry Name: The Three Burrows

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1967

Last Amended: 25 July 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016056

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29604

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Kenwyn

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Mount Hawke with Mithian

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes three plough-reduced Bronze
Age bowl barrows situated just east of Chiverton Cross and south east of
St Peter's Church at Three Burrows. The three barrows probably gave rise to
the place-name for the area. The two barrows which lie 450m south east of
St Peter's Church lie about 25m apart and appear as mounds between 20m and
22m in diameter and 1m high; neither has any discernable sign of an
encircling ditch. The third barrow, some 80m west of the pair, has a mound
1.5m high and 20m in diameter with traces of a surrounding quarry ditch.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite having been reduced by cultivation, the bowl barrows known as the
Three Burrows survive as recognisable mounds and will contain archaeological
and environmental evidence relating to the period and landscape in which they
were built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Warner, R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in Parish of Kenwyn, , Vol. 4, (1965), 76

Source: Historic England

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