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Manor Farm moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Orby, Lincolnshire

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Latitude: 53.1806 / 53°10'49"N

Longitude: 0.2304 / 0°13'49"E

OS Eastings: 549147.144227

OS Northings: 367150.190388

OS Grid: TF491671

Mapcode National: GBR LWY.R17

Mapcode Global: WHJM0.HBX2

Entry Name: Manor Farm moated site

Scheduled Date: 15 December 1976

Last Amended: 7 August 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016045

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30211

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: Orby

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: Orby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln


The monument includes the remains of a medieval moated site in the village of
Orby, located immediately to the east of Manor Farm.
The remains take the form of a moat partly enclosing an asymmetric,
curvilinear island measuring approximately 80m by 70m. On its south western,
southern, eastern and northern sides the moat is up to 15m in width and about
3m in depth and has steep, well-defined sides. A counterscarp bank, which
follows the eastern edge of the moat for approximately 25m, is considered to
be of the same date as the moat and is comprised of spoil from the moat ditch
being placed along the outer lip. The section of the moat from the north
through to the north west has been partly in-filled and is visible as a less
pronounced depression approximately 1m deep and 15m wide. The remaining
section from the north west through to the west is considered to have been
completely in-filled and levelled to provide a platform on which the present
Manor Farm is built. At least three linked sub-rectangular embanked platforms
approximately 0.4m high are visible on the island within the moat. The first
is situated towards the western side of the island and covers an area of
approximately 17m by 20m. The second platform, located slightly to the north
east of the first, is approximately 11m by 10m. The third platform,
approximately 20m by 12m, abuts the northern side of the moat. These suggest
the presence of structures or garden features associated with the site of a
medieval house located within the island. A water-filled linear depression,
approximately 10m by 17m and up to 1.5m deep, situated roughly centrally on
the island is thought to represent a modern feature.
The presence of the moated site in close association with the parish church
and the present day Manor Farm house suggests that it represents the original
location of the medieval manor of Orby. Field observation in 1964 revealed
that a number of conjoined rectangular ditched enclosures formerly existed
immediately to the south and east of the moat; these were interpreted as the
remains of manorial enclosures and crofts. Their relationship with the moated
site is indicative of it being a focal point for settlement and therefore of
sufficient status to represent a manorial site.
All pathways and fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The remains of Manor Farm moated site survive particularly well in the form of
a series of substantial earthworks. The site has remained largely under
pasture with little disturbance, with the result that the preservation of
buried deposits will be good. In addition, the waterlogged nature of the
southern and eastern sections of the moat will provide a high potential for
the survival of organic remains. As a result of the survival of historical
documentation relating to the site and archaeological survey the remains are
well understood and provide a good opportunity for understanding the nature,
function and adaptation of a manorial moated site.

Source: Historic England


Listed Building Record: TF 46 NE Orby - Manor Farmhouse, (1967)
PRO C134 File 59 (6)., (1318)
RCHME, NMR Complete Listing: TF 46 NE 11,

Source: Historic England

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