Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 15m SSE of Caradon Hill summit

A Scheduled Monument in Linkinhorne, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5109 / 50°30'39"N

Longitude: -4.437 / 4°26'13"W

OS Eastings: 227303.158493

OS Northings: 70733.249274

OS Grid: SX273707

Mapcode National: GBR NH.K048

Mapcode Global: FRA 17LQ.372

Entry Name: Round cairn 15m SSE of Caradon Hill summit

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 31 March 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015972

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15041

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Linkinhorne

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Linkinhorne

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument comprises a low, circular funerary cairn, part of a linear cairn
group near the summit of Caradon Hill on SE Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a low circular mound, 15m diameter and up to 0.4m high,
composed of heaped small stones. The cairn has been subject to some stone
removal in the relatively recent past, modifying its original form by
hollowing the central area within an undisturbed, turf-covered 2.5m wide
periphery but leaving intact a consolidated stone cover overall. As a result
of this stone cover, it is considered that sub-surface funerary deposits and
the old land surface beneath this cairn will have survived undisturbed. A
small stone-heap 4m diameter and 1m high on the SSW periphery of the cairn is
clearly a mound of waste from the stone-robbing and not an original feature of
the Prehistoric cairn. This cairn has been surveyed on several occasions
since 1907 but has never been subject to any archaeological excavation. It
lies almost at the summit of Caradon Hill, towards the NE end of a linear
cairn group which extends to the SW along the side of the hill's summit and
contains ten recorded cairns of several types typical of the Early and Middle
Bronze Age (c.2000 - 1000 BC)

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
quality and diversity of the evidence is such that the moor has been the
subject of detailed archaeological survey and hence it forms one of the best
recorded upland landscapes in England. Of particular note are the extensive
relict landscapes of Prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date. Together
these provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the moor from the
earliest Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible
relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Round cairns are funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC),
covering single or multiple burials. They were constructed as mounds of earth
and stone rubble, up to 40m in external diameter, but usually considerably
smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound.
Round cairns are sometimes associated with external ditches but none have been
recorded with any examples on Bodmin Moor. Burials were placed in small pits,
sometimes containing a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let
into the old ground surface, or in the body of the cairn itself. Round cairns
can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in cairn cemeteries.
Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs,
burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. This round cairn on
Caradon Hill is reasonably well-preserved, has not been excavated and will
retain many of its original features, including burial deposits. Its
importance is enhanced by its location within a cairn group which contains a
variety of different types of burial monument, demonstrating well the
diversity of burial practice during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1409.04 and .12,
AM 7 scheduling description and maplet for CO 541d, Consulted 3/1991
Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 Air Photo Transcripton: SX 2770,
Consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1409.08,
Consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1409.10,
Title: Ordnance Survey 6": 1 mile Map: Cornwall XXVIII NW
Source Date: 1907

Source: Historic England

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