Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bell barrow 70m north of Church Farm House

A Scheduled Monument in Maiden Bradley with Yarnfield, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1469 / 51°8'48"N

Longitude: -2.2863 / 2°17'10"W

OS Eastings: 380069.576925

OS Northings: 138663.21417

OS Grid: ST800386

Mapcode National: GBR 0TH.4S9

Mapcode Global: VH97T.BF5N

Entry Name: Bell barrow 70m north of Church Farm House

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1927

Last Amended: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015939

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26820

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Maiden Bradley with Yarnfield

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Maiden Bradley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a ditched bell barrow, lying on level ground 70m north
of Church Farm House on the west side of Maiden Bradley.
The barrow has a mound 20m in diameter and 3.2m high, the southern side of
which has been disturbed by a substantial cutting. The mound is surrounded by
a sloping berm which averages 10m in width, beyond which are traces of a ditch
approximately 4m wide. The ditch, from which material to construct the mound
was quarried, survives, where not visible on the surface, as a buried feature.

All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath
these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

The bell barrow 70m north of Church Farm House is a well preserved example of
its class. Despite some disturbance to the mound and the part infilling of
the surrounding ditch the barrow exhibits a largely original profile and will
contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial
traditions, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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