Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 700m south east of Field Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Chicklade, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1062 / 51°6'22"N

Longitude: -2.1527 / 2°9'9"W

OS Eastings: 389402.601452

OS Northings: 134115.030699

OS Grid: ST894341

Mapcode National: GBR 1WD.GKH

Mapcode Global: VH982.MGS9

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 700m south east of Field Barn

Scheduled Date: 30 November 1955

Last Amended: 17 April 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015937

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26818

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Chicklade

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: East Knoyle St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow, lying on the crest of Two Mile Down, 700m
south east of Field Barn.
The barrow has a mound 30m in diameter which, although much reduced by
cultivation, survives to a height of c.0.4m. Surrounding this is a ditch from
which material to construct the mound was quarried. This is no longer visible
on the surface but will survive as a buried feature 3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite reduction of the mound by cultivations the bowl barrow 700m south east
of Field Barn will contain archaeological remains providing information about
Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

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