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Moated site at Newland Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Eastrington, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.7528 / 53°45'10"N

Longitude: -0.7834 / 0°47'0"W

OS Eastings: 480318.638585

OS Northings: 429179.183216

OS Grid: SE803291

Mapcode National: GBR QTZ1.6G

Mapcode Global: WHFD6.YX4X

Entry Name: Moated site at Newland Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015925

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26598

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Eastrington

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Eastrington St Michael

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a moated site at Newland Farm, 150m to the south of the
village of Eastrington.
The moated site includes a quadrangular raised platform with dimensions of 88m
by 95m surrounded by moat ditches. Overall the site measures 100m by 112m.
The `U' shaped ditches range from around 4m to 8m wide across their tops, and
are between 1m and 2m deep. They are all intact except the western arm, which
has been partly infilled. Where it has beem infilled the ditch will survive as
a buried feature. The extant part of the moat ditch on the western side is up
to 10m wide with an interior bank 1m high. In places, on the other three
sides, there are also remains of low interior banks, between 0.2m and 0.5m
high and 4m wide.
At the south western corner of the moat platform is a rectangular depression
measuring around 12m by 9m and some 0.3m deep, the site of a building which
occupied the moat platform, the remains of which will survive as buried
features.
At the south eastern corner of the moat platform there are the remains of a
partly silted fishpond, 25m long and 10m wide and up to 0.4m deep.
Newland was given over to the order of Knights Hospitallers by King John, and
one of its greatest benefactors was Roger de Peyteirn, Lord of Altofts. The
monument is mentioned in a Yorkshire Deed, where the power of attorney was
granted for the handing over of a house and 26 acres in `Neweland by
Estryington' from, 1423 to 1424.
All post and wire fencing and gates, animal feed and water dispensers, modern
farm buildings, the paved surfaces to farm yards and access roads, are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Newland Farm survives in good condition and as the moat
island is unencumbered by modern building, it will retain evidence of the
structures which originally occupied it. The surrounding moat survives well
and is undisturbed. It will thus retain environmental evidence from the
original fills relating to the period of the monument's construction. The
monument is one of a number of moated sites in this part of East Yorkshire,
clustering along both the northern and southern sides of the River Humber,
which represent a typical form of settlement of low-lying and flood plain land
such as this in the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Lawton, G, Religious Houses of Yorkshire, (1853)
Le Patourel, H.E J, 'Monograph Series No 5' in The Moated Sites of Yorkshire, (1973), 115
Other
Humberside SMR, Sites and Monuments Record Sheet, (1996)

Source: Historic England

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