Ancient Monuments

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Medieval moated grange 160m south east of The Grange

A Scheduled Monument in Balk, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.221 / 54°13'15"N

Longitude: -1.2697 / 1°16'10"W

OS Eastings: 447714.61917

OS Northings: 480836.772629

OS Grid: SE477808

Mapcode National: GBR MMKM.XM

Mapcode Global: WHD8Q.G5LD

Entry Name: Medieval moated grange 160m south east of The Grange

Scheduled Date: 14 February 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015920

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28291

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Balk

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


The monument includes a medieval moated site which was the location of a
monastic grange. The moated site includes a rectangular ditch enclosing a
raised central platform. The platform measures 150m north to south by 80m east
to west. On the eastern perimeter the ditch is up to 1.2m and has an internal
bank up to 0.75m high, elswhere it is less well preserved but is still visible
as an earthwork. At the north edge of the main platform is a slightly raised
oval platform.
Water was supplied to the moat at the north east corner from a ditch to the
north and drained away through a leat at the south west corner.
The grange was the property of Byland Abbey and was granted by Roger de
Mowbray in the 12th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

A grange was a farm owned and run by a monastic community and independent of
the secular manorial system of communal agriculture and servile labour. The
function of granges was to provide food and raw materials for consumption by
the parent house and to also to provide surpluses for profit. The majority of
granges practised a mixed economy but some were specialist in their function
such as cattle ranches, sheep farms or industrial complexes. Granges were
located on monastic lands which, in some cases, were located some distance
from the monastery.

The medieval moated grange south east of The Grange survives well and
important remains will be preserved within the ditch and the central platform.
As a monastic grange the monument offers important scope for the study of
medieval rural and monastic life.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Platt, C, The Monastic Grange in Medieval England, (1969), 188
AJC 101/23-6, (1976)

Source: Historic England

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