Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Farncombe Down, 500m south west of Baydon Hole

A Scheduled Monument in Lambourn, West Berkshire

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Latitude: 51.5006 / 51°30'2"N

Longitude: -1.5809 / 1°34'51"W

OS Eastings: 429189.167829

OS Northings: 178046.971966

OS Grid: SU291780

Mapcode National: GBR 5XM.WP4

Mapcode Global: VHC1C.KJ3Z

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Farncombe Down, 500m south west of Baydon Hole

Scheduled Date: 11 February 1958

Last Amended: 20 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015804

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30455

County: West Berkshire

Civil Parish: Lambourn

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Lambourn

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a bowl barrow, reduced by cultivation over the years.
The barrow mound survives to a height of 0.1m and is c.23m across. The site is
most easily identified as an area of less stony and darker soil. Surrounding
the mound, though no longer visible at ground level, are the buried remains of
a 2m wide ditch from which material was quarried during the monument's

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

This bowl barrow on Farncombe Down has been reduced by cultivation over the
years, but will retain evidence for its construction and use.

Source: Historic England

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