Ancient Monuments

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The Andyke, Bransbury

A Scheduled Monument in Barton Stacey, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1811 / 51°10'51"N

Longitude: -1.392 / 1°23'31"W

OS Eastings: 442593.124295

OS Northings: 142604.435827

OS Grid: SU425426

Mapcode National: GBR 84D.WD7

Mapcode Global: VHC30.TKGY

Entry Name: The Andyke, Bransbury

Scheduled Date: 30 November 1925

Last Amended: 26 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015678

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26792

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Barton Stacey

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Barton Stacey All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes the Andyke, a substantial
earthwork over 530m in overall length, which cuts off a low peninsula between
the valleys of the River Test on the north and the River Dever (the Wonston
Stream) to the south. To the south of the A303 the earthwork includes a bank
up to 10m wide and 3m high which contains much flint within its make up. To
the east of this is a ditch up to 14m wide and 2m deep, on the eastern side of
which are traces of a low bank c.3m wide and up to 0.6m high. A single break
in the earthwork, north of its mid point, may mark the position of an entrance
designed to provide access to the area of the peninsula defined by it. At its
southern end, close to the floodplain of the River Dever, the ditch cannot be
traced south of the line of the east-west track from Bransbury. To the north
of the A303 the northern terminal of the earthwork is visible as a wide
depression, up to 15m wide and 2m deep which runs downslope towards the
valley of the River Test. Where not visible on the surface immediately
adjacent to the A303, the ditch will survive as a buried feature 15m wide.

The earthwork, which is refered to as `Auntediche' in an Anglo-Saxon charter,
has previously been interpreted as the defences of an Iron Age promontory
fort. Current understanding of the monument does not allow this interpretation
to be verified and the scheduling is consequently restricted to the earthwork
itself.

The line of the earthwork has been breached by the A303 which, at its point of
intersection with the Andyke, is in a cutting sufficiently deep to have
removed all archaeological deposits. The monument is consequently divided into
two areas of protection, separated by the A303 cutting.

Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts although the ground beneath
these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or
multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between
less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features
visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The
evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that
their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although
they may have been re-used later.
The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were
constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries
in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of
their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious
associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those
groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance
for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well
preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

Although current understanding of the Andyke is incomplete, the earthworks
will contain information relating to their construction and to the environment
and economy of their period of use. In addition, the earthworks form a highly
visible element of the historic landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Williams-Freeman, JP, Introduction to field archaeology as illustrated by Hampshire, (1915), 245-6

Source: Historic England

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