Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup and ring marked rock known as the Knotties Stone on Otley Chevin, 270m north east of The Royalty public house

A Scheduled Monument in Carlton, Leeds

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Latitude: 53.8934 / 53°53'36"N

Longitude: -1.6854 / 1°41'7"W

OS Eastings: 420770.436448

OS Northings: 444181.285374

OS Grid: SE207441

Mapcode National: GBR JRNF.X2

Mapcode Global: WHC8Y.2DPL

Entry Name: Cup and ring marked rock known as the Knotties Stone on Otley Chevin, 270m north east of The Royalty public house

Scheduled Date: 14 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015619

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29121

County: Leeds

Civil Parish: Carlton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Otley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, partly covered in heather. The
visible part measures 1.3m by 0.8m by 0.5m. It is situated on Otley Chevin,
north of the path from Danefield House to Beacon House, west of a path
junction. It is 16m from a wall corner, and 1m west of the line of the wall if
the latter is projected on the moor. An accurate National Grid Reference is SE
20771 44182.
The carving consists of three incomplete concentric rings, with a groove to
the centre. The groove has a cup at its outer end, and there is one other cup,
and suggestions of other rings elsewhere on the rock.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Aire valley. The rock is one of several outliers
from the main concentration of carved rocks on Rombalds Moor.

Source: Historic England

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