Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup marked rock in Calverley Wood, 200m north east of junction of Calverley Cutting and Thornhill Drive

A Scheduled Monument in Calverley and Farsley, Leeds

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Latitude: 53.8352 / 53°50'6"N

Longitude: -1.6989 / 1°41'56"W

OS Eastings: 419910.000023

OS Northings: 437700.156268

OS Grid: SE199377

Mapcode National: GBR JX2.NR

Mapcode Global: WHC93.WV5R

Entry Name: Cup marked rock in Calverley Wood, 200m north east of junction of Calverley Cutting and Thornhill Drive

Scheduled Date: 14 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015618

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29120

County: Leeds

Electoral Ward/Division: Calverley and Farsley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Calverley St Wilfrid

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a triangular carved gritstone rock measuring 0.9m by
0.6m by 0.15m. It is situated in Calverley Wood, south of Thornhill Drive,
east of Calverley Cutting. It is in the north edge of the path and east of a
small field within the wood. The carving consists of three cups, two of them
with part rings.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Aire Valley, where a number of outliers from the
main concentration of carved rocks on Rombalds Moor are located.

Source: Historic England

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