Ancient Monuments

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Standing stone, 700m south west of Middleton South

A Scheduled Monument in Capheaton, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.1404 / 55°8'25"N

Longitude: -1.9284 / 1°55'42"W

OS Eastings: 404662.314504

OS Northings: 582897.099501

OS Grid: NZ046828

Mapcode National: GBR G9Z0.93

Mapcode Global: WHB1P.B2Y3

Entry Name: Standing stone, 700m south west of Middleton South

Scheduled Date: 28 November 1932

Last Amended: 7 April 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015523

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28537

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Capheaton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Hartburn with Meldon

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes a standing stone of Bronze Age date situated on level
ground in the centre of a modern field. The stone, which is oriented north
east to south west, measures 1m by 0.5m and stands to a height of 1.4m. The
standing stone has a square profile at its base and is much weathered in
appearance.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few
excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs,
ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often
conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can
be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round
barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included
stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth
containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds.
Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones,
which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and
ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways,
territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show
they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual
monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and
domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing
stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant
examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in
Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds.
Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high
longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late
Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and
those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be
considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone near Middleton South is well preserved and remains in its
original location. It will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of
Bronze Age ritual practices.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Davies, J, Davidson, J, 'Northern Archaeology vol 9 1988-89' in A Survey of Bolam and Shaftoe area, Northumberland, , Vol. 9 1988-9, (1990), 57-96
Other
NZ 08 SW 11,

Source: Historic England

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