Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 250m north of Natson Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bow, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7954 / 50°47'43"N

Longitude: -3.8229 / 3°49'22"W

OS Eastings: 271618.757292

OS Northings: 101120.093864

OS Grid: SS716011

Mapcode National: GBR L1.ZC9Z

Mapcode Global: FRA 26WZ.NH8

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 250m north of Natson Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 February 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015476

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28638

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Bow

Built-Up Area: Bow

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Bow (or Nymet Tracey) with Broad Nymet

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned broadly east-west, 250m north
of Natson Farm, Bow and 140m south east of the River Yeo in a low lying field
occupying a slightly raised spur of land. This monument forms part of a
complex of ritual and funerary monuments centred around the village of Bow.
The area is also associated with the placename `Nymett' which is thought to
have sacred Celtic significance.
The eastern barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 20m in
diameter and is 1.3m high. The ditch from which material was quarried to
construct the mound, surrounds it and is preserved as a buried feature which
is clearly visible on aerial photographs. A flint blade and fragment were
collected during the fieldwalking of this area in 1991.
Forty metres to the west lies a second sub-circular barrow which aerial
photographs indicate to have an internal feature and 30m diameter quarry ditch
all of which are preserved as buried features.
Many of the other funerary and ritual monuments in the area are the subject of
separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite plough damage, the two bowl barrows 250m north of Natson Farm survive
comparatively well and contain archaeological and environmental information
relating to the mounds, their ditches and their surrounding landscape. These
mounds form part of a cluster of funerary and ritual monuments situated close
to the present day village of Bow.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Griffith, F M, 'Prehistoric Society Proceedings' in Some Newly Discovered Ritual Monuments in Mid Devon, , Vol. 51, (1985), 314
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS70SW117, (1991)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS70SW57, (1991)
MPP fieldwork by H. Gerrard, (1995)
MPP fieldwork by H. Gerrard, (1996)

Source: Historic England

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