Ancient Monuments

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Bell barrow on Affpuddle Heath, 800m south east of Wood Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Affpuddle and Turnerspuddle, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7305 / 50°43'49"N

Longitude: -2.2771 / 2°16'37"W

OS Eastings: 380537.498874

OS Northings: 92353.667716

OS Grid: SY805923

Mapcode National: GBR 0ZK.13Y

Mapcode Global: FRA 6734.YGM

Entry Name: Bell barrow on Affpuddle Heath, 800m south east of Wood Barn

Scheduled Date: 1 October 1962

Last Amended: 7 February 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015359

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28358

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Affpuddle and Turnerspuddle

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Affpuddle with Turnerspuddle St Laurence

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow situated on the crest of a ridge
overlooking the Frome Valley to the south east. The barrow forms part of a
group of six which, together, form a round barrow cemetery on Affpuddle Heath
and Bryant's Puddle Heath.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, sand and turf, with maximum
dimensions of 12m in diameter and c.1.25m in height. The mound is surrounded
by a berm, or gently sloping platform, which was recorded in 1952 as an
earthwork 2.5m wide. The berm is surrounded by a ditch from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument. The quarry ditch was
recorded as an earthwork 2m wide in 1952 and although it has since become
infilled, it will survive as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some previous damage by vehicles and military slit trenches, the bell
barrow on Affpuddle Heath, 800m south east of Wood Barn, survives
comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 85
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 85
Other
Mention damage by vehicles in 1952, RCHME, National Monuments Record,
Mention survey by RCHME in 1952, RCHME, National Monuments Record,
RCHME, National Monuments Record,

Source: Historic England

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