Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Four bowl barrows 600m east and 650m north east of Haywards Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bere Regis, Dorset

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7705 / 50°46'13"N

Longitude: -2.2474 / 2°14'50"W

OS Eastings: 382651.732687

OS Northings: 96801.481868

OS Grid: SY826968

Mapcode National: GBR 20B.NMW

Mapcode Global: FRA 6751.Q9H

Entry Name: Four bowl barrows 600m east and 650m north east of Haywards Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 February 1962

Last Amended: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015331

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28395

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Bere Regis

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Bere Regis St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a group of four bowl barrows, situated on a gentle,
south east facing slope overlooking the Bere valley. The barrows form part of
a wider group of 11 which, together, form a round barrow cemetery on Roke
Down. They fall within two areas of protection; the northern area contains a
group of three barrows, while the fourth barrow lies to the south in the
second area of protection.
The barrows each have a mound composed of earth, flint and chalk, with maximum
dimensions of between 20m-30m in diameter and 0.5m in height. Each mound is
surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction
of the monument. The ditches have become infilled over the years, but each
will survive as a buried feature about 2m wide.
One of the barrows was partially excavated by Wake Smart in 1840 and later by
Solly. These investigations revealed sarsen stones on top of the mound and a
cist 0.9m deep at the base of the barrow. The cist contained a cremation
beneath an urn and was associated with three unusual daggers. Three other urns
and a series of glass beads were also recovered from the barrow.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field
boundary, although the underlying ground is included in each case.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow, with over 10,000
examples recorded nationally. They are constructed as earthen or rubble
mounds, each covering single or multiple burials.
Despite some reduction by ploughing, the four bowl barrows 600m east and 650m
north east of Haywards Farm survive comparatively well, and at least one is
known from partial excavation to contain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 437
Other
Mention crop mark visible on AP's, RCHME, National Monuments Record,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.