Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 900m SSW of Nettleden Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Nettleden with Potten End, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 51.7797 / 51°46'47"N

Longitude: -0.5434 / 0°32'36"W

OS Eastings: 500581.93864

OS Northings: 210010.549151

OS Grid: TL005100

Mapcode National: GBR G6B.7G6

Mapcode Global: VHFRY.JJLJ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 900m SSW of Nettleden Lodge

Scheduled Date: 2 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015248

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27184

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Nettleden with Potten End

Built-Up Area: Potten End

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Potten End Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow located in Great Frithsden
Copse, 900m SSW of Nettleden Lodge. It occupies an elevated position on a
broad ridge in the Chiltern Hills to the north of the Bulbourne Valley, and to
the south of the upper valley of the River Gade.
The barrow was discovered by the National Trust during a recent archaeological
survey of the Ashridge Estate (which covers much of the spur) and adjacent
areas within the upper Bulbourne Valley. There are no prior records of the
monument and its appearance suggests it has not been disturbed by antiquarian
excavation. The barrow mound is roughly circular in plan and domed in profile,
measuring approximately 10m in diameter and 0.5m high. In the absence of any
evidence for a surrounding quarry ditch, the mound is thought to have been of
`scraped construction', using turf and earth gathered from its surroundings.
A second barrow, similar in appearance, lies c.40m to the south west east
(SM 27183) and two further barrows lie approximately 4km to the north west.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 900m SSW of Nettleden Lodge survives well. The mound will
contain funerary remains together with other artifacts and structural
evidence, which will provide details concerning the date of the barrow's
construction, the duration of its use and the character of prehistoric ritual
practice. The former ground surface beneath the mound may retain valuable
evidence for activities preceding its construction, and environmental evidence
preserved here will provide insights into the appearance of the landscape in
which the monument was set.
Comparision with other barrows located in the immediate vicinity and more
widely across the Chiltern Hills will provide valuable information concerning
variation and development of prehistoric burial practices, and will make a
significant contribution to our understanding of prehistoric land use and
settlement patterns in the region.

Source: Historic England

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