Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Queensberry Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1708 / 51°10'14"N

Longitude: -1.7853 / 1°47'7"W

OS Eastings: 415107.500824

OS Northings: 141308.193554

OS Grid: SU151413

Mapcode National: GBR 502.KFY

Mapcode Global: VHB5C.0TKT

Entry Name: Queensberry Bridge

Scheduled Date: 7 January 1952

Last Amended: 3 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015221

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28942

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Built-Up Area: Amesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes Queensberry Bridge, the road bridge over the River Avon
close to the main entry into Amesbury Abbey.
The bridge, which is Listed Grade II, built in 1775 by John Smeaton, is
constructed of limestone ashlar on elm plank foundations. The central
horizontal section is of three segmental arches of rusticated voussoirs and
raised key blocks meeting a string band at the base of the parapet. At each
end there is a smaller, similar arch. The piers have cutwaters to both sides.
The parapet has a raised central panel bearing the date MDCCLXXV on each side.
The bridge, which is 32m long, widens to 6m at its abutments and terminates
with rusticated quoins.
The bridge was named after the third Duke of Queensberry, the owner of
Amesbury Abbey at the time of its construction. A single arch stone bridge to
the east of Queensberry Bridge which crosses a possible water meadow feeder
channel is not part of the scheduling.
The modern road surface is not included in the scheduling although the bridge
structure and the ground beneath this feature is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prior to the construction of the bypass around the town of Amesbury,
Queensbury Bridge provided the main crossing over the River Avon on the
western side of the town. In contrast to bridges that have been substantially
re-engineered, Queensbury Bridge remains essentially as constructed, with the
addition of modern road surfaces. It will contain both within its built
structure and in its foundations, evidence for construction methods employed,
and of the sequence of its use and repair. The bridge is a prominent local
landmark and can be appreciated from the adjacent pedestrian footbridge.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Pevsner, N , The Buildings of England: Wiltshire, (1975), 89

Source: Historic England

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