Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Long barrow at Longbarrow Clump

A Scheduled Monument in Bulford, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1864 / 51°11'11"N

Longitude: -1.7673 / 1°46'2"W

OS Eastings: 416359.751739

OS Northings: 143044.340485

OS Grid: SU163430

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZX.J0X

Mapcode Global: VHB5C.BF2V

Entry Name: Long barrow at Longbarrow Clump

Scheduled Date: 5 June 1961

Last Amended: 3 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015215

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28923

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bulford

Built-Up Area: Bulford Camp

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bulford St Leonard

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a long barrow orientated east-west on a slight north
facing slope 250m south of Watergate Farm buildings at Longbarrow Clump.
The barrow mound is 47m long, 27m wide and is flanked on both sides by a ditch
from which material was quarried during its construction. These have become
infilled over the years and survive as buried features up to 8m wide. The
mound is 2m high at the western end sloping to 1.5m high at the eastern end.
The water tank, its support and associated water pipes together with all fence
posts, are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these
features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded
nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and
their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be
nationally important.

The long barrow at Longbarrow Clump survives well and will contain
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

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