Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 550m north east of Field Dairy Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Shapwick, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8143 / 50°48'51"N

Longitude: -2.0957 / 2°5'44"W

OS Eastings: 393352.362675

OS Northings: 101639.741941

OS Grid: ST933016

Mapcode National: GBR 318.YT1

Mapcode Global: FRA 66HY.9CG

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 550m north east of Field Dairy Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 October 1932

Last Amended: 7 February 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015184

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27461

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Shapwick

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Sturminster Marshall St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow 550m north east of Field Dairy Farm, on
the flood plain of the River Stour 110m south of the south bank of the river.
The barrow has a mound which is 30m in diameter and a maximum of 1.8m high.
The top of the mound is flattened and there is a clear depression c.2m wide
running from the south eastern side of the mound to its centre. The eastern
side of the mound is also very uneven and both areas of disturbance probably
resulted from the part excavation carried out in 1838 by Revd Woolls. These
located a primary cremation and other burnt material together with an amber
bead and possibly some secondary interments. Surrounding the mound is a quarry
ditch from which material was excavated during its construction. This has
become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide.
All fence posts and the telegraph pole are excluded from the scheduling
although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 550m north east of Field Dairy Farm is unusually located in a
low lying position on the floodplain of the River Stour and may therefore
contain waterlogged deposits which provide very good conditions for the
preservation of archaeological and environmental remains. It is a well
preserved example of its class and is known from part excavation to contain
archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial
practices, economy and environment.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Wools, C, The Barrow Diggers, (1839), 102-105

Source: Historic England

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