Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 380m south east of Chanctonbury Ring hillfort

A Scheduled Monument in Wiston, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8945 / 50°53'40"N

Longitude: -0.3772 / 0°22'37"W

OS Eastings: 514227.4246

OS Northings: 111814.355248

OS Grid: TQ142118

Mapcode National: GBR HLJ.TQ9

Mapcode Global: FRA B63Q.T2G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 380m south east of Chanctonbury Ring hillfort

Scheduled Date: 1 May 1951

Last Amended: 18 November 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015119

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27096

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Wiston

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Wiston with Buncton

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge which forms part
of the Sussex Downs. The barrow has a circular mound c.11m in diameter,
surviving to a height of up to 0.5m. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from
which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become
infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 380m south east of Chanctonbury Ring hillfort survives
comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the ways in which the monument was constructed and used.
The monument forms part of a group of prehistoric, Roman and early medieval
earthworks situated on Chanctonbury Hill, including a hillfort, Romano-Celtic
temple, two cross dykes and a number of round barrows and hlaews (Saxon
barrows), which are the subjects of separate schedulings. The close
association of these monuments will provide important evidence for the
changing relationships between ceremonial and burial practices and land
division in this area of downland over a period of c.1,500 years.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex in the Bronze Age, , Vol. 75, (1934), 253

Source: Historic England

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