Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 100m south of Torleehouse

A Scheduled Monument in Kirknewton, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.5531 / 55°33'10"N

Longitude: -2.1384 / 2°8'18"W

OS Eastings: 391367.322918

OS Northings: 628825.566011

OS Grid: NT913288

Mapcode National: GBR F4H7.V6

Mapcode Global: WH9ZG.3PZB

Entry Name: Round cairn 100m south of Torleehouse

Scheduled Date: 27 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014920

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24653

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Kirknewton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Kirknewton St Gregory

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of prehistoric date
situated on the lower north west slopes of Easter Tor. The cairn is
constructed of earth and stone, measures 8m in diameter and stands 0.75m high.
There are several stones around the edge of the cairn indicating a kerb. The
top of the cairn is flattened and slightly indented, probably the result of an
unrecorded part excavation in the 19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn south of Torleehouse is well preserved and contains
significant archaeological deposits. Evidence of the manner of construction,
and the nature and duration of its use will be preserved within and beneath
the mound.

Source: Historic England

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