Ancient Monuments

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Bully Hill bowl barrow, 550m ESE of Bully Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kirmond le Mire, Lincolnshire

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Latitude: 53.4142 / 53°24'51"N

Longitude: -0.2368 / 0°14'12"W

OS Eastings: 517284.719353

OS Northings: 392272.862449

OS Grid: TF172922

Mapcode National: GBR VXSY.JT

Mapcode Global: WHHJH.BFGX

Entry Name: Bully Hill bowl barrow, 550m ESE of Bully Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 January 1969

Last Amended: 22 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014877

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27868

County: Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: Kirmond le Mire

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: Kirmond-le-Mire St Martin

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a bowl barrow
located c.146m above sea level, in arable land 550m ESE of Bully Hill Farm.
The tree-crowned earthwork is circular, c.25m in diameter, and stands to a
height of 3m, prominently situated above the valley of the River Rase. A
part investigation of the mound in 1860 found human burials and cremation
material with prehistoric and Roman pottery. It is thought that the encircling
ditch from which material for the construction of the mound would have been
quarried survives buried beneath the present ground surface and this is
included in the 5m margin around the base of the mound.
A number of other Neolithic and Bronze Age burial mounds are sited in the
vicinity of the monument within an area which is adjacent to the prehistoric
trackway now formalised as High Street (the B1225).

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 550m ESE of Bully Hill Farm s a substantial, well preserved
and prominent earthwork feature clearly visible from the public highway. The
investigations in 1860, whilst causing limited damage to the barrow, clearly
demonstrated the funerary nature of the monument, and Roman pottery discovered
in the mound was indicative of interest in and activity at the site well
beyond the period of its initial construction. Considerable archaeological
evidence will remain within and below the mound which will include important
information regarding the processes of the monument's construction and the
evolution of Bronze Age burial practices. Environmental evidence will also be
retained on the original ground surface beneath the mound and in the buried
ditch illustrating the nature of the landscape in which the monument was
The monument is one of a number of Neolithic and Bronze Age burial mounds
associated with the route of the prehistoric trackway now formalised as High
Street (the B1225). The frequency of these sites attests to the continuing
ritual significance of the area during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods
and poses important questions concerning patterns of prehistoric settlement.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Petch, D, 'Lincolnshire Archit: and Archaeol: Society Reports and Papers' in The Excavation of a Barrow, Kirmond le Mire, 1859, (1960), 3
Petch, D, 'Lincolnshire Archit: and Archaeol: Society Reports and Papers' in The Excavation of a Barrow, Kirmond le Mire, 1859, (1960), 3
letter describing excavation, Tennyson D'Eyncourt, C, Letter to George Tennyson D'Eyncourt, (1859)

Source: Historic England

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