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Timber trackways at Moor Drove, 800m east of Brentsfield Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Westonzoyland, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1211 / 51°7'16"N

Longitude: -2.9324 / 2°55'56"W

OS Eastings: 334835.296708

OS Northings: 136174.729431

OS Grid: ST348361

Mapcode National: GBR M8.9NWS

Mapcode Global: VH7DR.422V

Entry Name: Timber trackways at Moor Drove, 800m east of Brentsfield Bridge

Scheduled Date: 20 May 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014872

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27974

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Westonzoyland

Built-Up Area: Westonzoyland

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes two lengths of prehistoric timber trackway, to the south
of Moor Drove, on Lang Moor.

The two trackways, Moor Drove 1 and 2, were recorded from a drain section when
the water level was lowered in the spring of 1980. They were located 45m-50m
from the north west corner of the monument along the south facing section of
the ditch to the south of Moor Drove. This site is below the water level for
much of the year.

It is believed that the tracks are contemporary, and that they converge
beneath Moor Drove, and extend southwards from the sand island of Chedzoy,
across the low lying peat of Lang Moor to the Burtle Sands at Westonzoyland, a
distance of approximately 1km.

Two radiocarbon dates are available, both indicating an Early Neolithic date
for the tracks.

The structure of Moor Drove 1 consists of longitudinally laid roundwood and
brushwood, 1.2m wide, up to 0.4m thick, at a depth of 0.9m below the level of
Moor Drove. Made of uncoppiced hazel, the largest timbers were 10cm-15cm in
diameter and up to 30 years old. Some of the brushwood was laid across the
roundwood timbers, some of which were pegged. It presented an uneven surface,
suggesting that it may have been dismantled or damaged by floodwater. The
base of the structure lay permanently below the water level and could not be
recorded. It is orientated WNW-ESE.

Moor Drove 2 was located 4.5m to the south west of Moor Drove 1, and 0.85m
below the level of Moor Drove. The trackway was 1.1m wide and 0.3m thick. It
consisted mostly of longitudinally laid roundwood hazel timbers, 5cm-9cm in
diameter, overlying brushwood and twigs, with possible remains of lateral
timbers noted in the lower part of the section. Pegs were also present, some
of which were overlain by the upper longitudinals, suggesting a rebuild or
reinforcement of the trackway. It was orientated SSE-NNW.

The upper timbers were in a poor state of preservation due to weathering and
root damage, but the lower timbers were well preserved.

The monument to the south of Moor Drove is waterlogged for much of the year.

Excluded from the scheduling are all modern fences, posts and troughs, though
the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wooden trackways were constructed in the prehistoric period between the
Neolithic and the later pre-Roman Iron Age, primarily as communication routes
across wet areas of ground and as a means of access to the natural resources
of wetlands. Most excavated examples take the form of simple structures of
brushwood or hurdlework, although some are of more complex pile, plank and log
construction. Wooden trackways normally had a very short active lifespan,
leading to the clustering of tracks where a communications route was in
existence over a long period; some isolated examples are, however, recorded.
Because they were sited in wetland areas, trackways generally became buried by
the accumulation of peat soon after their construction, and they are now
generally recorded as a result of peat extraction, followed by survey and
excavation elsewhere along their length.
Approximately 75 examples of either trackways or groups of trackways have been
recorded in England. Because of the way in which they are discovered, this is
likely to be only a small proportion of those present in the prehistoric
period, and some of the recorded examples will have been destroyed or badly
damaged by desiccation of the organic components. Over half the recorded
examples are from the Somerset Moors.
Trackways yield information concerning woodworking, tools, woodland
management, and trading or communication routes. They are usually associated
with deposits containing well-preserved environmental data such as pollen,
beetle, and macro-plant remains, and they may be significant sources of
dendrochronological data. As a rare and diverse form of structure used
throughout the prehistoric period, all identified prehistoric wooden trackways
with surviving archaeological remains, would normally be considered to be of
national importance.

The trackways near to Moor Drove have well preserved organic remains in a
stable undisturbed environment. Limited excavation has demonstrated the
potential for excellent survival of the structures, the dates for which have
indicated their construction to be within the Early Neolithic period. The
monument lies within the Somerset Levels and Moors, a wetland area of high
archaeological value which has seen rapid landscape change over the past 200
years as a result of drainage and intensive peat extraction.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Norman, C, Timber structure in the peat to the south of Chedzoy: Moor Drove: Volume 124, (1980), 159-163
Coles, B J, Dobson, M J, 'Somerset Levels Papers' in Calibration of Radiocarbon dates from the Somerset Levels, , Vol. 15, (1989), 67
Other
SMR No.: 11730,11731 wood, 12104 stakes, 11728 flint scatter,
SMR No.:11861 field system, 11852 Neolithic cursus,

Source: Historic England

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