Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 150m north east of Dunbury

A Scheduled Monument in Winterborne Houghton, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8336 / 50°50'0"N

Longitude: -2.2569 / 2°15'25"W

OS Eastings: 382000.575387

OS Northings: 103815.965779

OS Grid: ST820038

Mapcode National: GBR 1ZK.L70

Mapcode Global: FRA 665W.LKG

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 150m north east of Dunbury

Scheduled Date: 17 February 1961

Last Amended: 1 August 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014758

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27381

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne Houghton

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Winterbourne Houghton St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, known locally as Soldier's Hump, 150m
north east of Dunbury on the crest of Houghton South Down. The barrow has a
mound, formerly recorded as being c.11m in diameter and c.1.8m high. There is
a crater in the middle, c.7m in diameter and 1.8m deep, probably the result of
the excavation carried out in 1883 by J C Mansel-Pleydell. This revealed that
the mound was constructed of large flints. No burial was found even though the
mound was excavated to the natural surface. There is no surface indication of
the ditch surrounding the mound although this will survive as a buried feature
c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 150m north east of Dunbury survives comparatively well and is
known from part excavation to contain archaeological remains, providing
information about the construction methods adopted for Bronze Age burial
mounds, and the local environment.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mansel Pleydell, J C, 'Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Arch. Society' in The Barrows Of Dorset, , Vol. 5, (1883), 32-33

Source: Historic England

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