Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn, 230m south of Netherwitton Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Netherwitton, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.2061 / 55°12'21"N

Longitude: -1.8408 / 1°50'26"W

OS Eastings: 410228.895237

OS Northings: 590217.610994

OS Grid: NZ102902

Mapcode National: GBR H8L7.8K

Mapcode Global: WHC2G.PDMS

Entry Name: Round cairn, 230m south of Netherwitton Hall

Scheduled Date: 3 November 1964

Last Amended: 13 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014730

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25155

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Netherwitton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Netherwitton

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated
on level ground on the right bank of the River Font. The flat topped cairn,
apparently constructed of earth with little evidence of stone content, is 21m
in diameter and stands to a maximum height of 1.5m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn south of Netherwitton Hall survives well and retains
significant archaeological deposits. Evidence of the manner of construction
and the nature and duration of use will be preserved within and beneath the
mound.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
MacLaughlan, H, Memoir to Survey of Eastern Branch of the Watling Street, (1864), 11
Other
NZ 19 SW 01,

Source: Historic England

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